The Development of Cubism

When we talk about the history of Spanish painting, we’re not just talking about how paintings are made in Spain and what the subject of these paintings is. We’re also talking about how artists like Picasso influenced the creation of art styles like Cubism. Cubism is a very important part of art history as it completely changed how subjects were perceived in art during the time of its inception.

What is Cubism?

Created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, Cubism is a style of painting that relied on flat and two-dimensional images. It broke away from the notion that art should depict realistic subjects and natural scenes but rather dealt with creating a new reality for a subject on the canvas in the form of fragmented images.

Analytical and Synthetic Cubism

Between the years 1910 and 1912, Picasso and Braque’s work became more about the analysis and breakdown of form rather than anything else. Most of the work during this period was monochromatic and contained straight lines merged with some sculptural elements at times. Objects were broken down into flat, opaque and transparent, planes that overlapped with one another.

Synthetic Cubism came up after 1912 when people started getting more interested in the art form. This kind of Cubism revolved around the synthesis of different forms. Where Analytical Cubism was devoid of color, this phase saw color as an important part of the paintings. Shapes became more decorative than before, textures were found in strong contrast with one another, and materials like newspapers and wrappers were also pasted on the canvas. These collages were important because they further enhanced the feeling of textural contrast on the canvas while also creating an illusion between the real and the imaginary.

Influence on Other Art Forms

The reason Cubism is so important in art history is that it impacted other forms of art as well. Many sculptors started working in the Cubist style during the 20th century and even architects like Corbusier found themselves breaking down buildings into cubic shapes.
Cubism, as you can see, has had a very meaningful impact on the way we perceive art and architecture even today. It was an art form that completely changed how people looked at nature and opened many doors into the world of abstraction and expression.

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